Atopic dermatitis is a long-lasting chronic disorder that affects the skin. It is although not contagious because it is not transferable. Before taking an in-depth study of the atopic dermatitis one should know what does the word “dermatitis” means? Well, it refers to the inflammation of the skin. And the word “atopic” means a group of diseases where there is often an intrinsic tendency to develop other allergic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever. Red, flaky skin, sometimes with cracks or tiny blisters characterizes the skin irritation. In atopic dermatitis, the skin becomes extremely itchy. Atopic dermatitis is often referred to as “eczema,” which is a general term for the several types of inflammation of the skin. It is the most common of the many types of eczema.
Potential Causes of Atopic Dermatitis:
(1) Genetic (hereditary): Children are more likely to develop this disorder if one or both parents have had it or have had allergic conditions like asthma or hay fever.
(2) Environmental factors: Environmental factors can bring on symptoms of atopic dermatitis at any time in individuals who have inherited the atopic disease trait.
(3) Malfunction of the body’s immune system: Scientists have found that people with atopic dermatitis have a low level of a cytokine (a protein) that is essential to the healthy function of the body’s immune system and a high level of other cytokines that lead to allergic reactions. The immune system can become misguided. This can be viewed as a form of autoimmunity, where a body reacts against its own tissues.
(4) Emotional disorder. We now know that emotional factors, such as stress, can make the condition worse, but they do not cause the disease. In the past, the doctors used to believe that the disease is caused by emotional disorder.
Symptoms And Treatments:
The most common symptoms are dry, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. And the others are same as that of dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis may also affect the skin around the eyes, the eyelids, and the eyebrows and lashes. It is also possible for the disease to show up first in adulthood. Currently, there is no single test to diagnose atopic dermatitis.Treatment is more effective when a partnership develops that includes the patient, family members, and doctor.
The following treatments can be used to lessen the intensity of flare-ups:
(2) Photo therapy
(3) Protection from Allergen Exposure
(4) Proper Skin care
Although the symptoms of atopic dermatitis can be complicated, the disease can be successfully controlled. People with atopic dermatitis can lead healthy, productive lives. As scientists learn more about what causes it, they continue to move closer to effective treatments, and perhaps, ultimately, a cure. Until then, take good care of your skin.