Many times when people want to translate between Hebrew and English they will use a Hebrew dictionary. This could be a dictionary that describes different words in the way they looked in ancient and modern Hebrew. Or it could be a translation from one language to Hebrew or back.
One Hebrew dictionary is a biblical dictionary offered by the Ancient Hebrew Research Center. This dictionary shows the modern and ancient Hebrew writing for a word. Then it shows the way it’s pronounced. Then it gives the English translation. For example av, the transliteration, is the word for father. Mother is eym. E-ven is stone.
Another Hebrew dictionary is found online. It’s a Hebrew glossary. Once again this one shows the Hebrew words is written by their letters, the transliteration, the English word, but then adds a description of the meaning. For example here Abba means father. The complete explanation says it’s an affectionate way to say father, like dear father. This one gives a lot more information.
Another word from this Hebrew dictionary is Adam Kadmon. This means primordial man. This type of being was produced by the divine as an interim step between divine and human. This is the image of God, in human form, from which all people were created.
Let’s continue to delve into words from this Hebrew dictionary. Mabul is a flood. Specifically this is the flood from which Noah escaped in the arc. For the Hebrews he was actually Noach.
More words from the Hebrew dictionary are being presented. Maggid is a speaker or more specifically a preacher. This is a specific type of preacher who tells stories where moral lessons are related. These types of stories have specific formats. It begins with an introduction. Then follows the exposition, or body of the story. Then there’s a conclusion in which the moral lesson is described.
Makkot is found in the Hebrew dictionary. It means stripes. These aren’t the stripes you would find on clothing. Instead they are the stripes that come from lashings. In Hebrew tradition these are administered by court decree for some crime such as bearing false witness. Imagine if that could be done when people lie in courts in the present.
Here’s one more word from the Hebrew dictionary. Many people know it. It’s rabbi. It means a master or teacher. In the first century it was applied to teachers who received their authority as ordained members of the Sanhedrin. The Babylonian version was Rav.
The Hebrew dictionary can be very interesting.